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Mariana Islands RSS

Mariana Islands
Images in: /World War II/Pacific Theater /Mariana Islands

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"Fat Man" being placed on trailer cradle, Tinian "Fat Man" being placed on trailer cradle, Tinian
 Atomic bomb "Fat Man" F31 being placed on trailer cradle in front of Assembly Building #2.  Project Alberta was formally established within the Manhattan Project in March 1945, although its functions had been performed by various Project offices for months. Approximately 55 scientists, engineers and military personnel worked in conjunction with the 509th Composite Group. That meant training bomb assembly teams and technical support personnel, providing logistic arrangements for the 509th's special weapons, and assembling and testing weapons and practice devices at Tinian.  The "Fat Man" team that assembled and loaded the bomb included Charles P. Baker (Pit Team Co-Head), Vincent Caleca, Morton Camac, Lieutenant John D. Hopper, Henry Linschitz, Philip Morrison (Pit Team Co-Head), Roger S. Warner Jr., (Assembly Team Chief). Raemer S. Schreiber arrived on July 26, 1945 with a plutonium core and initiator on board C-54 "Green Hornet."  On August 2, three B-29s arrived at Tinian from Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico each carrying a Fat Man-type high-explosive preassembly. "Fat Man" (number F31) with high explosives and a nuclear (plutonium) core was assembled by US Navy Lieutenant Commander Frederick L. Ashworth. In the rush to complete the bomb, the firing unit cable was installed backwards, requiring Ensign Bernard J. O'Keefe to cut the connectors and reinstall them at the very last minute. F31 was assembled on August 7 and loaded into B-29 "Bock's Car" at 2200 Hours on August 8, 1945.
 
 
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27th Infantry Division move into Saipan 27th Infantry Division move into Saipan
 Army reinforcements disembarking from LST's as they proceed across coral reef toward the beach on Saipan. On June 16, units of the U.S. Army's 27th Infantry Division landed and advanced on the Aslito airfield on June 16,1944. Photo by Dan Laudansky, US Army.
 
 
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3rd Marine Division, Battle of Guam 3rd Marine Division, Battle of Guam
 Marine from the 3rd Marine Division goes after a sniper in a shelled building during the "Battle of Guam," August 1944. Photo by Cpl. J. F. Andrejka (Marine Corps)
 
 
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4th Marine Division landing on Tinian Island 4th Marine Division landing on Tinian Island
  A LVT(A)-2 Water Buffalo Amtrac loaded with Marines from 4th Marine Division churns through the sea bound for Tinian Island during the battle of Tinian on July 24, 1944.
 
 
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50th Battalion holding mass, Tinian 50th Battalion holding mass, Tinian
CB's of 50th Battalion sitting on sandbags in a NCB Chapel, bow their heads in prayer during candle light Holy Communion service at Tinian, Marianas Islands. December 24, 1944. Chief Carpenter's Mate H.F. Merterns. (Navy)
 
 
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B-29 with 40th BG, lands at Tinian B-29 with 40th BG, lands at Tinian
 Boeing B-29 Superfortress with the 40th Bomb Group landing on Tinian after bomb run, Military Police "MP" directing ground traffic next to runway. The B-29 landing, 40th Bomb Group, 313th Bombardment Wing - North Field, Tinian. China-Burma-India Theater, April, 1945.
 
 
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B-29 with 6th BG, taking off from Tinian B-29 with 6th BG, taking off from Tinian
 Boeing B-29 Superfortress from 6th Bomb Group, taking off from Tinian.
 
 
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Boeing B-29 "Bockscar" nose art, Nagasaki mission Boeing B-29 "Bockscar" nose art, Nagasaki mission
 Boeing B-29 "Bockscar" nose art, which was added after the Nagasaki atomic bombing mission, Tinian island.
 
 
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Chaplain holds mass on USS South Dakota Chaplain holds mass on USS South Dakota
The crew of the USS South Dakota stands with bowed heads, while Chaplain N.D. Lindner reads the benediction held in honor of fellow shipmates killed in the air action of Guam on June 19, 1944.
 
 
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Curtiss Helldiver above USS Yorktown Curtiss Helldiver above USS Yorktown
 Curtiss SB2C Helldiver returns to USS Yorktown, after attacking targets in the Marianas, July 4, 1944.
 
 
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First wave of Marines land on Saipan First wave of Marines land on Saipan
 Marines with the 4th Marine Divisions under heavy fire during the first wave of landings on Saipan beach, battle of Saipan, June 15, 1944. Photo by Joe Nathan, US Marines.  The American 2nd and 4th Marine Divisions and 27th Infantry Division, commanded by Lieutenant General Holland Smith defeated the 43rd Division of the Imperial Japanese Army commanded by Lieutenant General Yoshitsugu Saito. The victory was the most costly to date in the Pacific War.
 
 
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Gerald Ford playing basketball, USS Monterey Gerald Ford playing basketball, USS Monterey
Activities aboard USS Monterey, Navy pilots in the forward elevator well playing basketball, the jumper at left has been identified as Gerald Ford, the 38th President of the United States, near Marianas, July 1944. Lt. Victor Jorgensen. (Navy)
 
 
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Marine awaits signal during "Battle of Guam" Marine awaits signal during "Battle of Guam"
 Marine awaits signal to go ahead in battle to recapture Guam from Japanese, July 1944, photo by Lt. Paul Dorsey. (Navy)
 
 
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Marine resting on 16-inch naval shell, Saipan Marine resting on 16-inch naval shell, Saipan
Using an unexploded 16-inch naval shell for a resting place, Marine Pfc. Raymond Hubert, smoking a cigarette and shakes sand from his boondocker during the battle of Saipan, July 4, 1944. Photo by S.Sgt. A.B. Knight, US Marine Corps.
 
 
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Marines fire at Japanese positions, Guam Marines fire at Japanese positions, Guam
Marines firing a 155mm cannon at Japanese positions during the battle of Guam, July 29, 1944. Photo bt Cpl. A.F. Hager, Jr., US Marine Corps.
 
 
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Marines land on Tinian Island Marines land on Tinian Island
 Marines with the 2nd Marine Division and 4th Marine Division hit the beach on Tinian Island. Units of the task force stand on the horizon Navy warships, transports and LSTs. July 1944.
 
 
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Marines relax before the battle to recapture Guam Marines relax before the battle to recapture Guam
Marines pause at Agat during battle for recapture of Guam. July 29, 1944. Lt. Paul Dorsey. (Navy)
 
 
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Marines salute the US Coast Guard on Guam Marines salute the US Coast Guard on Guam
 The U.S. Marines salute the U.S. Coast Guard after the fury of battle had subsided and the Japanese on Guam had been defeated. "They (the Coast Guard) Put Us Here and We Intend to Stay" is the way the Marines felt about it, August 1944 (Coast Guard)
 
 
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Marines use Japanese mountain gun on Saipan Marines use Japanese mountain gun on Saipan
 After the Marines captured this mountain gun from the Japanese during the battle of Saipan, they put it into use during the attack on Garapan, administrative center of the island, July 1944. Photo by Cpl. Angus Robertson, US Marine Corps.
 
 
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Marines use Ox cart to supply front lines, Saipan Marines use Ox cart to supply front lines, Saipan
 Marines use Ox cart to supply front lines during the "Battle of Saipan." Using every available means of transporting supplies to the front lines on Saipan, these Marines loaded this ox cart but had to use a lot of persuasion and a little teamwork to get the ox under way, June 1944. Photo by Cpl. Angus Robertson, USMC.
 
 
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Navajo Indians helping Marines find Japanese soldiers, Saipan Navajo Indians helping Marines find Japanese soldiers, Saipan
 Navajo Indian communication men, "Code Talker" are with the US Marines on Saipan, who landed with the first assault waves, their primary job was the transmission of secret tactical messages, June 1944. Photo by J. L. Burns (Marine Corps)  The name code talkers is strongly associated with bilingual Navajo speakers specially recruited during World War II by the Marines to serve in their communications units in the Pacific Theater. Navajo in particular was the main choice for code use because few people outside the Navajo themselves had ever learned to speak the language and virtually no books in Navajo had ever been published.
 
 
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Navy chaplain holds mass on Saipan Navy chaplain holds mass on Saipan
With canvas tarpaulin for a church and packing cases for an altar, a Navy chaplain holds mass for Marines at Saipan. The service was held in memory of brave buddies who lost their lives in the initial landings. June 1944. Sgt. Steele. (Marine Corps )
 
 
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Officers with 3rd Marine Division plant the first flag on Guam Officers with 3rd Marine Division plant the first flag on Guam
 Two U.S. officers with 3rd Marine Division plant the First American flag on Guam eight minutes after U.S. Marines and Army assault troops landed on the Central Pacific island on July 20, 1944. The officers used a boat hook mast to hold the flag. Photo by John Batts, US Marine Corps.
 
 
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P-47 fighters on deck USS Casablanca P-47 fighters on deck USS Casablanca
 Flight Deck of the Navy escort aircraft carrier USS Casablanca "CVE 55" loaded with Republic P-47 Thunderbolt "Jug" aircraft. Planes are loaded at N.A.S. Alameda, California and are enroute to Guam on July 16, 1945. Photo by, PhoM3c. D.C. Diers. (Navy)
 
 
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Seabees build Giant seawall at Apra Harbor, Guam Seabees build Giant seawall at Apra Harbor, Guam
Seabees of the 76th Construction Battalion build a giant seawall, a 30-ton bounder is hauled to dumping spot. Apra Harbor, Guam. 1945. Lt. Comander Charles Jacobs. (Navy)
 
 
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USS Sea Dog with crew on deck USS Sea Dog with crew on deck
USS Sea Dog on fourth war patrol with crew on deck searching for enemy ships near Guam, May 1945. Photo by Lt. Comdr. Horace Bristol, US Navy.
 
 
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